Description of Classes R3/40, R3/50, R3/60, R3/70 and R3/80.


These Classes contain R3 coins with the runes GEPA in front of the right facing head. They have "L's" within the beaded standard on the reverse.



Class R3/40

Class R3/40 contains only one coin again, it is coin ID 12. The image above is a diagram of British Museum 640 Plate 27 from Gannon’s Sylloge 63. As can be seen the head has two crown lines above it. There is an annulet behind the head with what could be a chevron above it, alternatively it could be part of a T. there is a pellet below the annulet. The runes in front of the head read GEPA, the runes end in the Pattėe style, there is no pellet in the M void. The beaded pyramidal neck and exergual lines are of a usual configuration for an R3 coin. The reverse has a fairly usual configuration of symbols both within and out side the standard. The central annulet has a pellet within it. Die axis 0°.



Class R3/50

ID 22 Image courtesy of Dr T Abramson


Behind the head this coin has a chevron with an annulet above and an angled “T” above that. Only one crown line is visible.  Three exergual lines are visible underneath the four line beaded pyramidal neck. Two pellets form the lips. The rune ends EPA appear to be Pattėe, the symbols behind the head look this way also. The symbols within the standard on the reverse are Pommėe. The symbols outside the standard look like typical R3 ones, however, the strike is offset to the bottom of the flan so that the bottom cross is not fully visible and the two pellets of the cross can not be seen. The central annulet has a small pellet within. Die axis 180°.



Class R3/60

ID 11 Timms collection


There are also 4 coins in Class R3/60, they differ from the previous class in not having a pellet in the void at the bottom of the M shaped rune. The runes read GEPA. There are two crown lines above the head and behind is a chevron containing a pellet above an annulet. On this coin only one exergual line is visible. The reverse has a standard containing two “L’s”, these symbols are slightly malformed and two angled lines. There is a central annulet surrounded by four pellets. Die axis 270°. Class R3/60 coins ID 2, ID 3 and ID 11 are a Die Match.



Class R3/70

ID 15 T&S 397 Plate 24


The right facing head has two crown lines above and four beaded pyramidal neck lines below, only one exergual line is properly visible. Behind the head is a chevron containing a pellet above an annulet with a pellet below that. There is a single pellet as the lips. The runes read GEPA. The top of the A rune extends over the flan and can not be seen. Some R3 coins that have a pellet within the M rune also have a single pellet as lips. The reverse has a beaded standard with four corner lines outside and an unbarred cross pommėe at each side mid point. Within the standard are two slightly malformed “L’s” and two angled lines. There are four pellets around the central annulet. Die axis 270°. One coin in class.



Class R3/80

ID 14 T&S 396 Plate 24


The one coin in this class differs from the previous class by not having a pellet in the chevron or having one below the annulet under the chevron. The runes read GEPA. There are also two pellets in front of the “X”/G rune. The coin in this class has much better formed “L’s” within the standard. Die axis 45°.