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Type Classification of coins with Runes EPA

 

Sometimes Runes are cut into the die reversed or even upside-down.

A mixture of these variations can be seen in one short piece of text as can be

seen with the coins in this research.

 

Coins with runes EPA

There were seven coins with the runes EPA; ID 1, ID 5, ID 7, ID 10, ID 14, ID 15 and ID 19,  however, it was not possible to identify the symbols behind the head on coin ID 14 as the coin is quite damaged, consequently it was not allocated a type number. On coin ID 5 the runes were cut in an anti-clockwise direction, all others were cut in a clockwise direction. These coins were allocated the type numbers from R9/060 to R9/099.

 

R9/060

There were two coins in this type ID 1 and ID 19, they were a die match. On the obverse there was a three pointed crown containing pellets above the head, there were pellets behind the crown. There was a chevron containing a pellet and a large pellet behind the head. The runes cut clockwise had a large pellet above the “E” rune. There were two pronounced lips below the pointed nose. Three curved beaded exergual line were below the head. Above the standard on the reverse was a Tufa with pellets and pellets outside of the Tufa and below the standard was an unbarred cross pommée. On each side of the standard was an outward pointing chevron with a pellet either side. Around a central annulet inside the standard were two opposing “T’s” and two “L’s”, the “L’s” had a further pellet by them. See image below.

 

ID 1 Abramson Collection

 

 

R9/070

 The single coin in this type ID 7, had two chevrons above an annulet behind the head. No crown was visible. The runes were cut in a clockwise manner, there was a pellet in the base of the “E” rune. There were at least three curved beaded exergual lines below the head. The “lips” consisted of a single large pellet. Around the central annulet inside the standard were two “T’s” and two “L’s”. There was a Tufa above and an unbarred cross below, the Tufa contained a triangle of pellets with a pellet each side of it. Outside each side of the standard was an outward pointing chevron with a pellet each side of it. See image below.

 

ID 7 Brit Mus 685

 

 

R9/080

The single coin in this type, ID 5, has the runes unusually cut in an anti-clockwise direction with the tops of the runes pointing inwards. There is a prominent beaded crown line and a three pointed crown above the head. There is a short line forming a back to the head, again quite unusual. A chevron above a annulet can be seen behind the head with an annulet in front of the crown above the runes. A pronounced “banana” shaped cheek bulge stretches from the crescent shaped ear to below the large lips. The three exergual lines are very curved. The reverse has many features reminiscent of an R8 Sceat. See image below.

ID 5 Abramson Collection

 

 

R9/090

The two coins in this type, ID 10 and ID 15, had a three point crown above the head. There was a chevron with an annulet both above and below it behind the head. A further chevron was above the runes to the front of the head. The runes were cut in a clockwise way, all with tops facing inwards. The two lips were quite long lines each ending in a pellet. There were what appeared to be four exergual lines. Again the reverse had many features reminiscent of an R8 Sceat, two “L’s” and two “/’s” surrounding a central annulet inside the standard with a mid-point cross pommée on each outer side, there were four corner lines. See image below.

 

ID 10 EMC 1002.0012