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Description of Classes R3/40, R3/50, R3/60, R3/70 and R3/80.


These Classes contain R3 coins with the runes GEPA in front of the right facing head. They have "L's" within the beaded standard on the reverse.



Class R3/40

Class R3/40 contains only one coin again, it is coin ID 13. The image above is a diagram of British Museum 640 Plate 27 from Gannon’s Sylloge 63. As can be seen the head has two crown lines above it. There is an annulet behind the head with what could be a chevron above it, there is a pellet below the annulet. The runes in front of the head read GEPA, the runes end in the Pattėe style, there is no pellet in the M void. The beaded pyramidal neck and exergual lines are of a usual configuration for an R3 coin. The reverse has a fairly usual configuration of symbols both within and out side the standard. The central annulet has a pellet within it.  Die axis 0°.

Another coin from this class has been discovered, it is very likely that this coin is a die match to 27/640 (above). The runes very unusually end in the Pattee stlye rather than the much more usual Pommee style. The weight of 27/640 is 1.21g, the new coin weighs only 0.97g.The die axis is different 27/640 0 degrees, new coin 180 degrees.. Both coins are offset to the top left on the Reverse. The symbols (LLO//) within the beaded standard are in a very similar configuration and angle.

Timms Collection



Class R3/50

ID 22 image courtesy of Dr T Abramson


Class R3/50 has 4 coins in it. The head has one crown line above and a chevron above an annulet behind it. Three exergual lines are visible below the head. Runes in front of the head read GEPA. There is a pellet within the bottom void of the M, see below left. The X is smaller than the other runes. All runes and symbols end in a pellet (Pommėe). The two pellets forming the lips are quite prominent. The beaded pyramidal neck is not well formed. The reverse has a typical R3 configuration, it also has a pellet in the central annulet.  Unbarred crosses on the outside of the standard are typical of the R3 on the reverse of the coin, See below right.



Class R3/60

ID 12 Timms collection


There are also 4 coins in Class R3/60, they differ from the previous class in not having a pellet in the void at the bottom of the M shaped rune. The runes read GEPA. There is one crown line above the head and behind is a chevron containing a pellet above an annulet. On this coin only one exergual line is visible. The reverse has a standard containing two “L’s”, these symbols are slightly malformed and two angled lines. There is a central annulet surrounded by four pellets. Die axis 270°. Class R3/60 coins ID 2, ID 3 and ID 12 are a Die Match.



Class R3/70

ID 16 T&S 397 Plate 24


The right facing head has one crown line above the head line and four beaded pyramidal neck lines below, only one exergual line is properly visible. Behind the head is a chevron containing a pellet above an annulet with a pellet below that. There is a single pellet as the lips. The runes read GEPA. The top of the A rune extends over the flan and can not be seen. Some R3 coins that have a pellet within the M rune also have a single pellet as lips. The reverse has a beaded standard with four corner lines outside and an unbarred cross pommėe at each side mid point. Within the standard are two slightly malformed “L’s” and two angled lines. There are four pellets around the central annulet. Die axis 270°. One coin in class.



Class R3/80

ID 15 T&S 396 Plate 24


The one coin in this class differs from the previous class by not having a pellet in the chevron or having one below the annulet under the chevron. The runes read GEPA. There are also two pellets in front of the “X”/G rune. The coin in this class has much better formed “L’s” within the standard. Die axis 45°. Coin weighs 1.10g and was found at Caistor by Norwich.